Trans families raise different questions, at least when the parents are of different sex, because they can conform to this procreative model and pass as having procreated their children. Specifically, Parents who had children after identifying themselves as gay or lesbian studies respond to the questions that are raised regarding the supposed differences in academic achievement, personal development and even the psychological stability of children raised by same-sex couples compared to those raised by heterosexual couples.
La parenté transgenre, Aix-en-Provence, Presses universitaires de Provence. The former focused on multiple parenting and lesboparental family rearrangements Le Gall,while the later described the many faces of same-sex parenting Cadoret, and published one of the very first books on the subject Cadoret, Many trans men gave birth to their children, whether it be before their transition, in the context of a union with a cisgender 7 partner, or after their transition, through ARTs.
Polikoff, N. This type of petition most often occurs when a couple with a child or children separate and the non-legal parent wishes to be granted a form of guardianship over the child that he or she raised along with the biological parent. Marriage between same-sex partners is possible in 11 countries of the European Union, in all Canadian provinces and now in all States of the USA, but it has prompted heated debates in France, especially as regards filiation and the possibility that two parents of the same sex have children together.
This helps build an imagined filiation as well as social legitimacy. The first was that the children would be rejected by their peers or that they would be mocked.